Collar Options

A collar structure provides a secured protected rate, while still allowing beneficial moves to a
pre-determined level, which is the best-case scenario. If the spot rate at expiry is more favourable
than the best-case rate then the holder of the collar is obligated to transact at the best-case rate.

If the rate is in-between the best-case rate and the protected rate the holder of the collar can transact at the spot rate. If the spot rate at expiry is less favourable than the protected rate then the holder of the collar can transact at the protected rate. Collars are generally structured as zero-cost premium products.

An example of how a collar option works

A UK-based company imports materials from the US and needs to pay a supplier $500,000 in six months’ time.

1. Requirements

The company:

  • would like to benefit from a favourable exchange rate and 100% rate protection
  • is willing to pay a premium for this

2. Current Forward Rate

 

The forward rate for a six-month period is

1.3200

3. Solution

The company is prepared to accept a protected rate of 1.3000. The company buys a collar with a protected rate of 1.3000 and a best-case rate of

1.3650

There are three possible scenarios

Scenario 1:

Unfavourable market moves

GBP/USD weakens. At maturity, the exchange rate is 1.2700. The company is entitled to buy the full $500,000 at 1.3000.

Collar Options unfavourable market moves graph

Scenario 2:

Favourable market moves – in-between the protected rate and best-case rate

GBP/USD strengthens. The exchange rate at maturity is 1.3600, which is in-between the protected rate and best-case rate. The company is entitled to buy dollars in the spot market at 1.3600.

Collar Options favourable market moves graph

Scenario 3:

Favourable market moves, above the best-case rate

GBP/USD strengthens. On expiry, it is trading at 1.3800, which is above the company’s best-case rate. The company is obliged to purchase dollars at 1.3650.

Collar option favourable market move below best case graph

Advantages of the collar option

  • Provides protection on 100% of the company’s exposure
  • Allows the company to benefit in full from favourable currency moves to a pre-determined level

Disadvantages of the collar option

  • A premium is payable and non-refundable

Key facts

  • Deposit and/or variation margin may be applicable in line with SCOL terms of business

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Disclaimer:

Option contracts are offered by Smart Currency Options Limited (SCOL) on an execution-only basis. This means that you must decide if you wish to obtain such a contract, and SCOL will not offer you advice about these contracts.

This material provides you with generic and illustrative information and in no way can it be deemed to be financial, investment, tax, legal or other professional advice, a personal recommendation or an offer to enter into an option contract and it should not be relied upon as such. Any changes in exchange rates and interest rates may have an adverse effect on the value, price or structure of these instruments.

SCOL shall not be responsible for any loss arising from entering into an option contract based on this material. SCOL makes every reasonable effort to ensure that this information is accurate and complete but assumes no responsibility for and gives no warranty with regard to the same.

Foreign exchange options can carry a high degree of risk and are not suitable for everyone as they can have a negative impact on your capital. If you are in doubt as to the suitability of any foreign exchange product, SCOL strongly encourages you to seek independent advice from suitable financial advisers.

Consulting a website or receiving a publication does not constitute a customer relationship and SCOL shall not have any duty or incur any liability or responsibility towards any person or entity as a result thereof.

SCOL is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Smart Currency Exchange Limited, and is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority to carry out MiFID business with reference number 656427.

SCOL is a private company limited by shares registered in England and Wales. Company number 9034947. The registered office address is at 26-28 Hammersmith Grove, London W6 7BA.